Atrial fibrillation (AF), a worldwide epidemic, contributes to frequent hospitalizations, stroke, heart failure, disability, mortality, and health-resource consumption (1). AF affects people
differently with regard to sex, race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status, and reviews of these differences have highlighted related care disparities.
Accordingly, the American College of Cardiology’s Cardiovascular Disease in Women Committee sought to compare these findings in patients with AF to identify potential interventions that may help to rectify disparities of care. This writing group reviewed >200 English-language papers about these disparities to summarize them and identify important knowledge gaps. The most pertinent findings are presented here with recommendations to decrease these disparities in the future.